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Jiang's Speech at CPC Anniversary Gathering (6)


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The theory on labor and labor value in a capitalist society  advanced by Marxist classical writers brings to light the  operational features of the capitalist mode of production and its  basic contradictions at that time. At present, we are putting in  place a socialist market economy. But the conditions we are faced  with are quite different from those the founders of Marxism were  faced with and studied. In light of the new conditions, we should  make a thorough study of the theory on labor and labor value in a  socialist society with a view to achieving a better understanding  of this theory. It is our fundamental objective of building  socialism to ensure our people their prosperity and well-being.  With economic development, our people will live a better life and  their personal property will increase gradually. In view of this,  it is not advisable to judge a person's political integrity simply by whether one owns property and how much property he or she owns. But rather, we should judge him or her mainly by his or her  political awareness, moral integrity and performance, by how he or she has acquired the property, and how it has be disposed of and  used, and by his or her actual contribution to the cause of  building socialism with Chinese characteristics.
To meet the requirements of the "Three Represent's", we must  adhere to democratic centralism, establish and improve the  scientific leadership system and working mechanism, give full  scope to inner-Party democracy, resolutely safeguard the  centralism and unity of the Party, and maintain and continue to  enhance its vitality.
Democratic centralism is our Party's fundamental systems of  organization and leadership. Our basic requirement and objectives  of upholding and improving democratic centralism are to create a  political situation in which there are both centralism and  democracy, both discipline and freedom, both unity of will and  personal ease of mind and liveliness in the Party.
It is imperative to promote inner-Party democracy and give full play to the initiative and creativity of the Party members and  Party organizations at all levels.  This is an important guarantee for the success of the Party cause.  We should take effective  measures to ensure Party members their democratic rights, broaden  channels for inner-Party democracy and increase their knowledge of and involvement in Party affairs.  All major issues in relation to the Party work must be addressed through discussions among Party  members and after hearing their views fully.  Effective mechanisms should be set up to make sure that all ideas and suggestions of  Party members at the grass-roots level or in Party organizations  at a lower level can promptly reach those at a higher level.  The  Party organizations at a higher level should listen to and collect views from Party members and Party organizations at a lower level  so as to ensure that their decisions be made through a more  scientific and democratic process.  In accordance with the  principles of collective leadership, democratic centralism, case- specific consultations, and decision through meetings, we should  improve the internal deliberation and decision-making mechanism of the Party committees, give play to the role of plenary sessions of Party committees, and improve the decision-making procedures of  standing committees of Party committees.  All the major policy  decisions of a Party committee must be made through discussions by the committee and nobody should be allowed to have the final say  alone. We should improve the system of division of work and  individual responsibility under the collective leadership by Party committees for greater efficiency.  Equal emphasis should be  placed on collective leadership and individual responsibility.  We should foster people's democracy through the development of inner- Party democracy.  
We should strengthen and improve the leadership system of the  Party and come up with better leadership and governance modalities
in accordance with the principles of stressing the overall  interests while coordinating those of all quarters concerned.  The
purpose is to ensure the core leadership of Party committees while
giving full scope to the functions of the people's congresses,  central and local governments, the CPPCC, non-governmental  organizations and others.  The Party committees should strengthen  their leadership over the people's congresses, governments, the  CPPCC and non-governmental organizations through rational,  standardized and institutionalized mechanisms.  Meanwhile, Party  organizations and Party members who assume a leadership role in  these institutions and organizations must implement, without any  hesitation, the line, principles and policies of the Party and the
decisions of Party committees while performing their duties in  accordance with law.  Leading officials at all levels must firmly  put into practice the guiding principles and arrangements of the  CPC Central Committee.
All Party members should enhance their awareness of the  principle of democratic centralism, implement the principle to the
letter and increase their ability to do so.  It is important to  learn leadership skills, ways and means that are called for in  fulfilling the new tasks in the new situation, and combine the  adherence to the Party's leadership with the promotion of people's
democracy, performance of duties strictly in keeping with law and  respect for objective law.  Institution of better systems is vital
as it bears on the overall long-term interests and defies constant
changes.  It is essential to improve the systems underlying  democratic centralism, and ameliorate the leadership systems and  working mechanisms of the Party so as to provide institutional  safeguards for the correct implementation of the principle of  democratic centralism.  We must resolutely resist the impact of  Western political models such as the multi-party system or  separation of powers among the executive, legislative and judicial
branches.  We should firmly avoid making arbitrary decisions and  taking peremptory actions in violation of democratic centralism on
the one hand, and weak and incompetent leadership on the other.  
With progress in the reform, opening-up and development of a  socialist market economy, the social fabrics, economic composition, forms of organization, means of employment, interests of different sectors, and modalities of distribution have increasingly  diversified.  We should be sober-minded about this and pay  attention to the trend.  Otherwise, our country would be deprived  of cohesiveness.  Thus it is of vital importance to upholding the  centralized power of the Party and unity of the state and  safeguarding the authority of the CPC Central Committee.  The  guiding principles, development goals, major policies, legal  system and important work arrangements, among others, of the Party and the state must be consistent and centralized.  No localities,  departments and institutions should go their own way.  The grass- roots organizations of the Party, which underpin the work of the  Party and its effectiveness, should constantly work on their self- improvement in response to the new situation and new tasks.
To meet the requirements of the "Three Represent's", we should  implement, in an all-round manner, the principle of fostering a  contingent of more revolutionary, younger, better educated and  professionally more competent cadres and that of giving equal  importance to both professional competence and political integrity. We should deepen the reform of personnel system so as to produce a contingent of high-caliber officials who are capable of assuming  important responsibilities and withstanding the test of trials and tribulations.
Cadres are decisive factors, once a political line is decided  upon.  It is all the more important to have, through training,  leading officials who are more politically-minded and good at  leading the Party and ruling the country and who pay attention to  overall interests.  A large number of high-caliber leading  officials hold the key to the consolidation and development of  China's socialism and its continued prosperity amidst the fierce  international competition.  
We should adhere to the principle under which the Party should  supervise its cadres, improve personnel management, step up the  reform of personnel system and manage our human resources in a  more scientific, democratic and systematic manner.  We should make our human resources management more transparent and ensure people  their access to information about recruitment and promotion, and  their right to participate in and monitor the process.  In this  regard, the principle of recruitment and promotion through open  and fair competition on the basis of merits should be upheld, and  measures to this effect should be adopted so as to encourage  officials to work harder and get them prepared for both promotion  and demotion.  We should improve the supervision of promotion and  recruitment of officials and the system and methods for assessing  their performance.  Resolute measures should be taken to prevent  and redress malpractice in the recruitment and promotion work.
The training of young cadres is a strategic task that will  ensure the long-term stability of the Party and the state.  In  order to assume leadership responsibilities, young officials must  increase their understanding of Marxism, enhance their political  integrity, improve their capacity for serving the people, their  judgment of the situation, their understanding of the overall  interests, and their ability to handle complicated circumstances.  Party committees at all levels should help and encourage young  leaders to temper themselves in harsh conditions or in the  forefront of important tasks, and make arrangements for this  accordingly.  
The advance of our times and development of our undertakings  determine that the Party and the state need more and more talented people of various kinds.  We must lose no time in training  professionals of all kinds, providing them with incentives and  giving full play to their capabilities.  Further efforts should be made to create in the whole Party and society a favorable  atmosphere where there is respect for knowledge and talent and  outstanding people can easily come to the fore.  Leading officials should have the insight to identify the talents, the resolve to  use them, the passion to love them and the ways to get them  together and should know how to judge and use people and pool the  talents together.  They should, with lofty ideals and spirit,  guide and inspire various talented people to render meritorious  service to the state and the people.  At the same time, the  leading officials should care for and trust them and do their best to create good working conditions for them.  It is necessary to  expedite the establishment of an income distribution mechanism  which is designed to keep the talented and bring out the best in  them so as to put in place a system which guarantees that their  rewards are commensurate with their endeavors and contributions.   We should, through our work on all fronts, create a climate in  which people of talent will come forward in large numbers.
In response to the requirements of the "Three Represent's", we  must adhere to the principle that the Party must handle Party  affairs and the policy of being strict in Party discipline.  Party organizations at all levels must be strict with the Party members  in respect of requirement, education, administration and  supervision and be firm in rooting out the negative phenomena and  corruption existing within the Party.  (more)

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